Lower Back Pain
Lower Back Pain is the most common form of back pain. At least 80% of people will experience lower back pain at some stage of their life. Most back pain is caused by musculoskeletal conditions and can be treated successfully. Lower back pain can be avoided with a little back education and lower back exercises.
90-95% of lower back pain can be successfully managed without the need for surgery. Most improve within two to six weeks. They can be managed with pain relief and physiotherapy techniques such as manual therapy and back exercises. The causes are usually due to either a sudden traumatic or sustained overstress injuries.
Traumatic Injury: This is often something as simple as bending awkwardly to lift something heavy, or jarring the lower back.
Sustained Overstress Injury (poor posture): This is usually more common and easier to prevent. Normally positional stress or postural fatigue creates an accumulated microtrauma that overloads your lower back structures over an extended period of time to cause injury and back pain.
Early diagnosis and specific individual treatment is the easiest way to recover quickly from lower back pain and to prevent a recurrence.
Types of Back Pain
There are many forms of back pain including, Muscle, Bone, Disc, Nerve and Pelvis related injuries, Pregnancy and Systemic Diseases.
Some of the highest frequency causes of lower back pain are:
Muscle Strains through muscle fatigue, excessive and poor lifting posture techniques. Inefficient back muscles can lead to poor joint stabilisation and subsequent injury.
Ligament Sprains: Ligaments are the strong fibrous bands that limit the amount of movement available at each spinal level. Stretching ligaments too far or too quickly will tear them with subsequent bleeding into the surrounding tissues, causing swelling and pain. The main cause of ligament sprains can be sports injuries and motor vehicle accidents. Physiotherapy can help the healing process and relieve the pain.
Bulging Disc Injury: This is a common spine injury sustained to your spine’s intervertebral disc. Spinal discs are the shock-absorbing rings of fibrocartilage and glycoprotein that separate your bony vertebral bodies while allowing movement at each spinal level, and enough room for the major spinal nerves to exit from the spinal canal and travel to your limbs. The annulus is the outer section of the spinal disc, consisting of several layers of multi-directional fibrocartilaginous fibres all densely packed to create a wall around the glycoprotein filled jelly-like disc nucleus. A disc bulge (commonly referred to as a slipped disc), can potentially press against or irritate the nerve where it exits from the spine. This nerve pinch can cause back pain, spasms, cramping, numbness, pins and needles, or pain in your legs.
Bone Injuries: You can fracture your spine if the force involved is highly traumatic or you have a low bone density (eg osteoporosis).
Poor Posture: Excessive sitting, standing and lifting can place unnecessary stress on your spine. Muscles fatigue, ligaments overstretch, discs stretch can all place the spinal joints and nerves under pressure.
Mend Physio can assist you with a prompt diagnosis, and provide you with a long-term self-management, and back pain prevention strategies specific to your back pain.
There are many causes of neck pain or a stiff neck. The inability to move your head, sharp neck pain, headache or muscular aches can be very painful. However, often it is simple to fix to rectify in the most cases.
Types of neck pain
Neck Joint Injuries, Muscle-related Injuries, Bone-related Injuries, Disc-related Injuries, Nerve-related / Referred Pain, Vertigo-related, Headaches/Migraine related and Systemic Diseases.
Neck Joints and Muscles
Often the neck joints (cervical spine) become stiff or locked and cause protective muscle spasms in some neck and shoulder muscles. The longer this is left, the harder it is to reverse. Your neck posture changes, which puts a strain on adjacent joints and muscles, and the condition deteriorates, leaving you with a sore neck.
Usually, a combination of the neck joint, muscle stretching, massage, strength exercise and postural techniques are required to reverse the condition before poor habits become established.
Neck Pain Treatment
The human body is very clever and will adjust itself so that other joints or muscles will work harder than they should to try and heal the pain. While this can result in a short-term fix, in the long term it can cause long-term neck pain. The result can be chronic neck pain, neck stiffness, headaches, wry neck or even a tension-type migraine.
Research has shown that a combination of neck joint and muscle treatment performed by your physiotherapist and some specific strengthening exercises are an effective way to eliminate your neck pain, stiffness and headaches.
Mend Physio will be able to diagnosis and apply a treatment of mechanical neck pain.